Today the population of 4 million Izmir, Turkey's third largest city, is the center of the Aegean region. In such large and growing cities, transportation must be planned and regulated by scientific methods, taking into account issues such as environment, energy, sustainability and social balance. The Izmir Transportation Master Plan (UPI 2030), which started in 2015 with this perspective, was completed by the end of 2017.
İzmir Transportation Area Plan (UPI), within the boundaries of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality; urban transportation today and for the 2030 target year; taking into consideration the upper and lower scale plans of the city and analyzing them in coordination, organizing them, and giving solutions to transportation and traffic problems by giving priority to public transportation systems and environmentally friendly transportation modes such as pedestrian / bicycle; The integration of public transport and intermediate-public transport types and their arrangement of station and terminal areas, planning and operating as a whole, developing the transfer opportunities so that various transportation types, including private transportation, can operate in a way that does not compete with each other and complement each other.
The working area of the UPI 2030 study covers 30 districts and 1,293 neighborhoods within the boundaries of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality. Within the boundary of the study area, mobility and problems in the city were identified with preliminary research. Following the collection of available information, field studies were carried out in 2015-2016 to update the database and eliminate deficiencies.
Transportation models created for İzmir were calibrated using data obtained from household transportation research and traffic counts. In order to enter the model in determining the journey demand forecasts to be created in the UPI 2030 target year, future forecasts for the population, employment, workforce, number of students, income status and automobile ownership of traffic analysis zones were made.
With the use of socioeconomic data obtained from the projection study in the model,
number of trips, mobility rates were found. Assuming that no new transportation investments were made until the target year and that the city developed only in accordance with the zoning plans, the trend scenario that will occur will be determined.
The rapid population and automobile ownership increase and the increase in the number of trips in parallel will have negative effects on urban transportation. In order to minimize these disadvantages, strategic decisions regarding urban transportation have been made and a transport master plan has been developed in line with these strategies.
In order to manage the demand in transportation planning, transportation types should be considered as a system as a system and public transportation systems should be planned together with road systems. Since public transportation system alternatives will be a guiding tool for road recommendations, public transportation system solutions form the basis of the transportation master plan process.
In line with the determined basic strategies and targets, alternative rail system solutions were produced for the city of Izmir. While evaluating alternative solution suggestions, attention was paid to the formation of alternative lines for different regions. The alternatives created as a result of the preliminary evaluation were selected among the solutions, collected under 16 Development Scenarios and tested with the model. During the determination of the final scenario, the most appropriate and high performance lines were selected for each region.
Within the scope of UPI 2030, solution suggestions were created within the framework of public transportation system, transfer centers, pedestrian and bicycle transportation, parking system, highway infrastructure and traffic system, urban freight transportation system, transportation to intercity and surrounding settlements and institutional and legal structuring.
- Province İZMİR
- Country Türkiye
Izmir Metropolitan Municipality
- Work Schedule 2015-2017
Scope of the Work
- Current Due Diligence
- Collection of New Information
- Detection of Current Problems and Deficiencies
- Creating Model Entries
- Target Year Socioeconomic Projections and Travel Forecasts
- Alternative Scenarios
- Transportation Master Plan
- Rail System Planning
- Wheeled Public Transport Planning
- Marine Transportation Planning
- Transfer Center Arrangements
- Intermediate Public Transport Planning
- Intercity and Environmental Settlement Terminal Areas Planning
- Pedestrian Transport Planning
- Disabled Transport Planning
- Bicycle Transportation Planning
- Highway Regulations
- Parking Arrangements
- Urban Freight Transport Regulations
- Institutional Building Recommendations